The American Cordillera is a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica. It is also the backbone of the volcanic arc that forms the eastern half of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
"I'm like a man who's been half-asleep all his life, trying to find out what he was like before he woke up."
Soil | The Earth | Ol' JW Mann: (uneducated blacksmith)
For a long time now we have understood ourselves as traveling toward some sort of industrial paradise, some new Eden conceived an constructed entirely by human ingenuity. And we have thought ourselves free to use and abuse nature in any way that might further this enterprise. Now we face overwhelming evidence that we are not smart enough to recover Eden by Assault, and that nature does not tolerate or excuse our abuses. If, in spite of the evidence against us, we are finding it hard to relinquish our old ambition, we are also seeing more clearly every day how that ambition has reduced and enslaved us. We see how everything, the whole world, is belittled by the idea that all creation is moving or ought to move toward an end that some body, some human body, has thought up. To be free of that end and that ambition would be a delightful and precious thing. Once free of it, we might again go about our work and our lives with a seriousness and pleasure denied to us when we merely submit to a fate already determined by gigantic politics, economics, and technology.
The open system theory is the foundation of black box theory. Both have focus on input and output flows, representing exchanges with the surroundings.
The black box is an abstraction representing a class of concrete open system which can be viewed solely in terms of its stimuli inputs and output reactions:
The constitution and structure of the box are altogether irrelevant to the approach under consideration, which is purely external or phenomenological. In other words, only the behavior of the system will be accounted for.
The understanding of a black box is based on the "explanatory principle", the hypothesis of a causal relation between the input and the output, and:
input and output being believed to be distinct,
having observable (and relatable) inputs and outputs,
being black to the observer (non-openable).
Man’s life on this Earth–who has courage to face it? Yet there are the trees, against the dark sky, black bare trees, springing from the earth to flower, swaying in the wind, the low moan of the wind. Who could live without this grace? Is not one man by himself important and worth consideration? To me he is worth sacrificing the whole world for. The farmer returns to the soil he tended vanishing, becoming indistinguishable from that which he toiled. The sun rises and sets, it is day and night, it will go on like this for a long time. You get to think you are a part of it and your circumstances are related to the cosmos, but one day your little system will burn out and the day and night will rotate indifferently. Can this be?
Albert Schweitzer, OM was a French-German theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by historical-critical methodology current at this time, as well as the traditional Christian view. His contributions to the interpretation of Pauline Christianity concern the role of Paul's mysticism of “being in Christ” as primary and the doctrine of Justification by Faith as secondary.
I think old habits like old dogs die slow
I think of my voyage
What I want to gain
What I am willing to loose
I take a picture
No room to argue
Was it “I love you”
Or the whipping wind
In the charms of my earrings
(in Chinese philosophy) the absolute principle underlying the universe, combining within itself the principles of yin and yang and signifying the way, or code of behavior, that is in harmony with the natural order. The interpretation of Tao in the Tao-te-Ching developed into the philosophical religion of Taoism.
... Avalokiteśvara vowing never to rest until he had freed all sentient beings from saṃsāra. Despite strenuous effort, he realizes that still many unhappy beings were yet to be saved. After struggling to comprehend the needs of so many, his head splits into eleven pieces. Amitābha, seeing his plight, gives him eleven heads with which to hear the cries of the suffering. Upon hearing these cries and comprehending them, Avalokiteśvara attempts to reach out to all those who needed aid, but found that his two arms shattered into pieces. Once more, Amitābha comes to his aid and invests him with a thousand arms with which to aid the suffering multitudes.
An exhibition of new mixed media paintings by local artist Jason Mann will open Tuesday April 26th at The Box Heart Gallery in Pittsburgh, Penn. with a public reception on Saturday April 30th, from 5 to 8 p.m. Box Heart Gallery, located at 4523 Liberty Avenue, has represented V. Mann for the past three years and recently featured his work in the Edward Zwick film Love and Other Drugs. This solo exhibition will be Mann’s first since the release of the film.
The title of the show, Three Years, Three Months, and Three Days, references the duration of the traditional Eastern spiritual retreat, and is the culmination of the work created since returning to the artist’s old family farm. Using as a studio the upstairs room that once belonged to Mann’s great-great-grandmother, Ida Bell Justice Porter, wife of W. S. Porter, Three Years, Three Months and Three Days started to materialize after much contemplation.
“I took everything out of the room and painted the walls and ceiling white,” said Mann. “It is very quiet there, and the early morning light from the rising sun pours through the windows, illuminating the room like crystal.
“That light is wonderful to work in. I wondered, as I stare out the window at the crows, what is this day, what is this life, where am I going and where have I been? And that is when Three Years, Three Months and Three Days started to come together.”
“These new pieces are full of vibrant color and strong imagery, peaceful yet sharp, as I peer down a long line, searching for the end or the beginning but neither is in sight. The paintings are landscapes for the viewer to enter and explore, decoding the meanings behind combinations of clippings and colors, challenging them to understand the associations of the juxtaposed elements and phrases,” he said. “I am motivated by the challenge of defining areas of vast space, and the struggle to express my most inner thoughts and ideas to the viewer.”
Along with Mann’s mixed media paintings will appear the prose of his wife, local musician Sarah E. Mann. The show marks their first collaboration of this type.
“Sarah has kept journals that spanned our entire Kentucky adventure, and we realized they perfectly narrated the paintings, her words complete the pictures in a way I would never have thought of,” he said.
The fruit have rotted on the vine, in fact the vines have rotted on the ground, no more clinging, crawling forth from dark sacred places; abolished by sanctity, mortally wounded by technology. Is there no love for creation? It is written to "remain in the vine" and that "we are the branches"; every branch that does not bear fruit is cut while those that do are pruned to become more fruitful, but pruned by who or what. Toothy grins of politicians; the guard-ener has become careless; his actions no doubt clouded by corn syrup and aspartame, how many years will the garden survive full of weeds. Can hand held electronic devises and social media teach our children what it is to be a community and exist, fully conscious of the natural order of the earth; as if you could kill time without injuring eternity.
Eran is an ancient town and archaeological site in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It was one of the ancient mints for Indian dynasties as evidenced by the diverse coins excavated here. The site has 5th and 6th-century Gupta era temples and monuments, particularly the colossal stone boar with sages and scholars depicted on the body of the sculpture. The inscription stones found at Eran are important to reconstructing the chronology and Gupta Empire history. Eran or Erakina was the capital of Erakina Pradesha or Airkina Vishaya, an administrative division of the Gupta empire.
This image is today's image of the Sun from the HMI instrument aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Look at the full image, and zoom in on one of the sunspots. The dark part of a spot is the umbra, the less-dark area is called the penumbra. The umbra has the strongest and most homogeneous magnetic field; pretty much 3000G +/- 500, and pretty much going directly outward from the "solar surface". The penumbra, on the other hand, is made up of fine strands, some very inclined and lying close to the solar surface, some less inclined and heading up into the corona; some stronger and some weaker, but generally around 1000G. The structure in the penumbra has been likened to two combs (like for your hair) shoved together with some tines going horizontally, the others going vertically, in between each other.
18. Then the Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper who is like him." 19. So the Lord God formed out of the ground each wild animal and each bird of the sky, and brought each to the man to see what he would call it. And whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20. Man gave names to all the animals, to the birds of the sky, and to every wild creature; but for the man f no helper was found who was like him. 21. So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to come over the man, and he slept. God took one of his ribs and closed the flesh at that place. 22. Then the Lord God made the rib He had taken from the man into a woman and brought her to the man. 23. And the man said: "This one, at last, is bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh; this one will be called woman, for she was taken from man." 24. This is why a man leaves his father and mother and bonds with his wife, and they become one flesh. 25. Both the man and his wife were naked, yet felt no shame.
Butterfly, Horse, Lizard, Fish, Protozoa and Zoophyte, Crustacea, Turtle, Snake, Alligator, Frog, Sheep, Iguana, Praying Mantis, Calamary, Hammer-Head Shark, Tennessee Walker, Hermit Crab, Coral, Mammals, Rhinophryne, Porifera, Actinoida, Crab Spider
January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 349 days remaining until the end of the year (350 in leap years). This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Saturday, Monday, or Wednesday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Sunday or Tuesday (56).
- 27 BC – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire.
- 378 – General Siyaj K'ak' conquers Tikal, enlarging the domain of King Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacán.
- 550 – Gothic War: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
- 929 – Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.
- 1120 – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
- 1362 – A storm tide in the North Sea ravages the East coast of England and destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
- 1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
- 1492 – The first grammar of the Spanish language (Gramática de la lengua castellana) is presented to Queen Isabella I.
- 1547 – Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia, replacing the 264-year-old Grand Duchy of Moscow with the Tsardom of Russia.
- 1556 – Philip II becomes King of Spain.
- 1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
- 1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid, Spain.
- 1707 – The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
- 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
- 1786 – Virginia enacts the Statute for Religious Freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson.
- 1809 – Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
- 1847 – John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
- 1862 – Hartley Colliery disaster: Two hundred and four men and boys killed in a mining disaster, prompted a change in UK law which henceforth required all collieries to have at least two independent means of escape.
- 1878 – Russo-Turkish War (1877–78): Battle of Philippopolis: Captain Aleksandr Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
- 1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is passed.
- 1900 – The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
- 1909 – Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
- 1919 – Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
- 1920 – Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.
- 1920 – The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris, France.
- 1921 – The Marxist Left in Slovakia and the Transcarpathian Ukraine holds its founding congress in Ľubochňa.
- 1924 – Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.
- 1938 – Benny Goodman and his band performed in concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City
- 1942 – Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
- 1945 – Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
- 1964 – Hello, Dolly! opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
- 1969 – Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in protest against the Soviets' crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
- 1969 – Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first-ever docking of manned spacecraft in orbit, the first-ever transfer of crew from one space vehicle to another, and the only time such a transfer was accomplished with a space walk.
- 1970 – Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
- 1979 – The last Iranian Shah flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.
- 1991 – Coalition Forces go to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War.
- 1992 – El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City, Mexico ending the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
- 2001 – Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
- 2001 – US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish–American War.
- 2002 – The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
- 2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
- 2006 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.